Les Gallinacés

Title: Les Gallinacés
Translated Title: 
The Galliformes
The Galliformes - instructive series. The Galliformes are "birds of the earth" essentially walkers; their long flat nails are adapted for scratching; their meat is highly valued. The Chicken is a type of Galliforme. Its feet are covered with red scales; note the 4 fingers (three in front). Here is a foot from below: note the flat and robust nails and the horned point (spur or pin) which is the cock's weapon. The head is ornamented with a fleshy crest. The chicken raises a large family that she watches with solicitude. Look how she harbors her chicks under her fluff and wings. Rooster and Hens live in the backyard. Some speicies are kept for their meat; in Bresse the poultry is often stuffed and is fattened in small cages. The Turkey (legnth 0.60m) is of American origin and its flesh is thin and delicate. Note the absence of feathers at the neck and the head; the wattles, colored appendages which fall back on the side fo the head. The feathers of the tail can lift themselves and spread into a fan; the turkey makes a circle. The breast of the male is decorated with a tuft of white feathers "the brush". The Guinea Fowl (0.50m long) has gray plumage scored with white points. Its head is devoid of feathers. The Partridge (0.30m long) lives in the fields; its feathering has the color of the ground. She lays sixteen to twenty eggs; look how she turns them over with her beak. The Pheasant (legnth 0.80m) originates from Asia and is one of the most beautiful birds of our forest; note the hoopoe and the long tail. Breeders make the hens incubate eggs and after two months the little bird are put in the forest, and the sitter is put in a cage with its bars apart. Once the little pheasants grow up (3 or 4 months) they are abandonned in the forest and nourishment is distributed to them. Exotic species are bred to orn avairies; here is the golden pheasant, a hoopoe yellow of gold and yellow collar.