World War II

Collections about World War II at Princeton include personal remeberances by participants in that conflict, the records of organizations that intervened to promote particular policy aims during the war, and records of organizations that participated in post-war reconstruction.

Collections with Divisional Holdings

  • Herman Phleger Papers

    Consists of papers relating to the controversy over the Bricker Amendment 1952-1957. They were collected by Herman Phleger, the Legal Adviser of the Department of State (1953-57). During the controversy, Phleger acted as chairman of a committee representing the various Departments of the Government, organized at the direction of President Eisenhower and charged with the duty of resisting this attempt to curtail the President's power in the field of foreign relations.Includes a bound transcript of an oral history interview with Phleger conducted in 1977 by Miriam F.

  • Harold Gardiner Bowen Papers

    Consists of selected papers of Vice-Admiral Bowen including speeches, articles, documents, printed matter, and manuscripts for his book Ships, Machinery, and Mossbacks, The Autobiography of a Naval Engineer (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1954). The papers primarily refer to his various activities as director of the Naval Research Laboratory (1939-1942), special assistant to the Secretary of the Navy (1939-1947), chief of the Office of Naval Research (1946-1947), and executive secretary of the Thomas Alva Edison Foundation.

  • Hamilton Fish Armstrong Papers

    Consists of both personal and public papers of Armstrong (Princeton Class of 1916), including correspondence, notebooks, memoranda, writings, memorabilia, photographs, and clippings. The correspondence series is a major resource for the shaping of 20th-century American foreign policy. It documents the history of the Council, the expanding role of FOREIGN AFFAIRS magazine, the interactions of Armstrong and Archibald Cary Coolidge in shaping the journal, and Armstrong’s extended discussions with public servants, academics, and journalists regarding leading issues between 1920 and 1972.

  • George W. Ball Papers

    The George W. Ball Papers contain correspondence, memoranda, reports, speeches,
    telecons, minutes, appointment books, writings, scrapbooks, clippings, financial
    information, legal documents, photographs, memorabilia and audiovisual material
    documenting the private and public life of this lawyer, under secretary of state,
    ambassador, author and investment banker.The material is arranged chronologically unless otherwise noted and includes items in

  • George F. Kennan Papers

    Kennan's papers document his career as a scholar at the Institute for Advanced Study and his time in the Foreign Service, and include his correspondence files, published and unpublished writings, and personal files. Many of the papers are related to his study of Russian history and foreign policy or his critical analysis of American foreign policy.

  • George Field Collection of Freedom House Files

    Consists of records assembled by George Field relating to Freedom House, a clearinghouse for major organizations dedicated to promoting the principles of freedom and democracy. Included are correspondence with world leaders, educators, journalists, authors, and others, such as Eleanor Roosevelt, Franklin D.

  • General Manuscripts Collection

    The General Manuscripts Collection is largely composed of materials related to United States politics and government, including personal and business correspondence, manuscripts, memorabilia, pamphlets, and reports.

  • Fight for Freedom, Inc. Records

    The Fight for Freedom, Inc. Archives documents the views and activities of a national citizen’s organization that was formed in April 1941 to press for the United States’s immediate entry into World War II in defense of Britain and other victims of Nazi aggression. The collection consists of organizational records and material acquired in the course of Fight for Freedom’s work, including correspondence, speeches, writings, press releases, administrative records, printed matter, photographs, phonograph records, and ephemera.

  • Eugene W. Sloan papers

    Consists of fourteen scrapbooks compiled by Sloan. Two scrapbooks, which Sloan compiled while Executive Director of the War Savings Staff, contain photographs, clippings, correspondence, and other mementos detailing his professional and personal life, including his World War I military service (including photographs) as well as his tenure at the Department of the Treasury in the Franklin Roosevelt administration. Letters of thanks from James Forrestal and Henry Morganthau to Sloan are included.

  • Edward Mead Earle Papers

    The bulk of the collection consists of professional correspondence between Earle and university professors, government officials, and influential members of committees and councils. This correspondence reveals the extent of Earle's diverse network of associations as well as that of his business travels both locally to New York and Washington and abroad to the Caribbean, England, and Western Europe.

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