American History/20th Century

Collections with Divisional Holdings

  • John Foster Dulles State Department records

    The collection consists of 192 reels of microfilm, totaling about 131,000 individual microfilm frames, as well as a series of declassified documents. The collection can be characterized in general as the State Papers of Secretary John Foster Dulles, 1953-1959. The originals of all papers, with the exception of Mr. Dulles's personal appointment book, are located in the Department of State.

  • Eleanor L. Dulles Papers

    Dulles's papers document her political writings after her retirement from the State Department in 1962, as well as her fundraising work with the John Foster Dulles Memorial Fund, and include drafts of her articles and books, topical files, and some correspondence. Several news articles written by Dulles about politics are included, as well as drafts of books on John Foster Dulles, Dean Acheson, and Dwight Eisenhower. A portion of her papers contains documentation and correspondence regarding articles and books written about members of her family.

  • Paul D. Tillett, Jr. Papers

    The papers of Paul D. Tillett, Jr. largely relate to his study, “The Social Costs of the Loyalty Programs.” The most significant part of this collection is the responses to questionnaires Tillett sent to academic professionals and a few federal employees in 1964, who were adversely affected by official inquiries into Communist activities during the 1950s. The questionnaire was designed to evaluate the long-term financial and psychological consequences of the anti-Communist crusade.

  • Herman Phleger Papers

    Consists of papers relating to the controversy over the Bricker Amendment 1952-1957. They were collected by Herman Phleger, the Legal Adviser of the Department of State (1953-57). During the controversy, Phleger acted as chairman of a committee representing the various Departments of the Government, organized at the direction of President Eisenhower and charged with the duty of resisting this attempt to curtail the President's power in the field of foreign relations.Includes a bound transcript of an oral history interview with Phleger conducted in 1977 by Miriam F.

  • William O. Baker Papers

    Baker's papers document his government service beginning with President Eisenhower, as well as his career at Bell Labs, and include correspondence, writings, and reports. The papers include materials on his governmental service at both the federal and New Jersey state level, notably for the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board (PFIAB), President's Science Advisory Committee (PSAC), New Jersey Board of Higher Education, and New Jersey Commission on Science and Technology.

  • American Civil Liberties Union Records

    These records document the administration and work of the ACLU's national office, regional offices, and legal projects, with particular emphasis on the areas of civil rights, children and women's rights, freedom of speech (and all First Amendment questions), and due process, among many others. The records include case files, correspondence, meeting minutes, research files, and files of staff members. A large portion of the records are related to the numerous cases that the ACLU was involved in on a wide range of civil liberties issues.

  • Brooks Emeny Papers

    Consists, for the most part, of correspondence, articles, speeches, reports, and printed publications relating to the various organizations in which Emeny (Princeton Class of 1924) participated, including the Atlantic Council of the United States, the Council on Foreign Relations, the Foreign Policy Association (president, 1947-1953), the Cleveland Council on World Affairs (president, 1935-1948), and the Institute of Pacific Relations.

  • John Foster Dulles Papers

    The Dulles papers document his entire public career and his influence on the formation of United States foreign policy, especially for the period when he was Secretary of State, and include his correspondence files, as well as his writings, reports, and memorabilia. The papers include materials on his work regarding the formulation of treaties, United States-Soviet Union relations, atomic weapons and energy, the United Nations, and efforts for establishing and maintaining world peace.

  • E. Kimbark MacColl Papers

    Consists of notes, outlines, correspondence, and chapter drafts for MacColl's Ph.D. thesis, \The Supreme Court and Public Opinion: A Study of the Court Fight of 1937\ (1953), which used public opinion polls as a basis of information in discussing Franklin D. Roosevelt and his \court-packing bill.\

  • Osmond K. Fraenkel Diaries

    This collection contains typed extracts taken from his diary that pertain to his work with the ACLU. These excerpts, arranged chronologically, consist primarily of his notes on ACLU meetings, monthly luncheons, conferences, and court cases. Fraenkel details the conversations and opinions of Roger Baldwin, Arthur Garfield Hays, Patrick Malin, and others.All excerpts are dated and contain both factual information and editorial comments by Fraenkel. Some entries are retrospective, though most were recorded shortly after events occurred.

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