American History/20th Century

Collections with Divisional Holdings

  • John Foster Dulles State Department records

    The collection consists of 192 reels of microfilm, totaling about 131,000 individual microfilm frames, as well as a series of declassified documents. The collection can be characterized in general as the State Papers of Secretary John Foster Dulles, 1953-1959. The originals of all papers, with the exception of Mr. Dulles's personal appointment book, are located in the Department of State.

  • Frank Augustus Scott Papers

    Consists of papers of Scott relating, for the most part, to his positions as chairman of the General Munitions Board during World War I, co-founder and chairman of the War Industries Board (1917), chief of the Cleveland Ordnance District (1924-1928), and adviser to the Army Industrial College (1925). Included are speeches by Scott and others, correspondence (1912-1954) including letters from Newton D. Baker, Palmer E. Pierce, and Bernard M. Baruch, reports, minutes of meetings, journal notes, printed matter, clippings, and photographs of army officers and friends.

  • Paul D. Tillett, Jr. Papers

    The papers of Paul D. Tillett, Jr. largely relate to his study, “The Social Costs of the Loyalty Programs.” The most significant part of this collection is the responses to questionnaires Tillett sent to academic professionals and a few federal employees in 1964, who were adversely affected by official inquiries into Communist activities during the 1950s. The questionnaire was designed to evaluate the long-term financial and psychological consequences of the anti-Communist crusade.

  • Hugh Lenox Scott Papers

    Consists of papers of Scott relating primarily to his mission as a military member of the Special Diplomatic Commission headed by Elihu Root, which was sent to Russia by Woodrow Wilson in 1917 to encourage the Russian people to continue participation in World War I and to assure them of American aid.

  • William Fitts Ryan Papers

    The collection contains material from Ryan's time as a United States Congressman including campaign materials from New York and Washington D.C., correspondence, research and subject files, and office records. There are also files from his home office and personal papers.

  • Anne Martindell Papers

    The Anne Martindell papers document Martindell's personal and professional activities from the 1920s to the 1990s. The bulk of the collection concerns Martindell's professional career in New Jersey politics, the State Department's Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance, and as ambassador to New Zealand and Western Samoa. There is little material related to the United States-New Zealand Council, which Martindell helped to found.

  • Charles Willis Thompson Papers

    Consists of selected papers of Thompson, including 27 scrapbooks of clippings (1884-1941) of his columns and articles written while he was a Washington correspondent, book reviewer, and editor of the New York Times (1899-1921) and, later, a writer in Philadelphia for the Public Ledger (1921-1922) and Commonweal (1930-1931). Also included are 11 volumes called \The Archives\ containing papers read before the Beecher Literary and Debating Society (1887-1910) in Brooklyn and a history of the club (1887-1907) compiled and edited by Thompson with the assistance of Reuben A. Bull.

  • John Foster Dulles Papers

    The Dulles papers document his entire public career and his influence on the formation of United States foreign policy, especially for the period when he was Secretary of State, and include his correspondence files, as well as his writings, reports, and memorabilia. The papers include materials on his work regarding the formulation of treaties, United States-Soviet Union relations, atomic weapons and energy, the United Nations, and efforts for establishing and maintaining world peace.

  • Francis Martin Ellis notes on Japan

    Contains notes of Ellis (Princeton Class of 1945) entitled \Notes on the Present Political Situation\ in Japan, covering June 28 to August 10, 1946, during the period in which he served as a translator and interpreter of Japanese, and \Proceedings of the Japanese Diet,\ May 31 to Sept. 7, 1946, which he summarized and translated into English.

  • Osmond K. Fraenkel Diaries

    This collection contains typed extracts taken from his diary that pertain to his work with the ACLU. These excerpts, arranged chronologically, consist primarily of his notes on ACLU meetings, monthly luncheons, conferences, and court cases. Fraenkel details the conversations and opinions of Roger Baldwin, Arthur Garfield Hays, Patrick Malin, and others.All excerpts are dated and contain both factual information and editorial comments by Fraenkel. Some entries are retrospective, though most were recorded shortly after events occurred.

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